Dopamine neurotransmitters help govern physical movement and speech. They also help activate the pleasure and reward sensations. When dopamine is triggered in the brain, it produces a feeling of elation and enjoyment. The more the dopamine is triggered, the more the brain wants to replicate that feeling of elation.Dopamine also occurs naturally in the body. It blocks pain and stress receptors and calms the body with a rush of euphoria. Heroin does the same thing, only moreso. What makes heroin so highly addictive is it reduces the body's capacity to produce what comes naturally. And without effective heroin treatment the brain can't repair itself and there can be no end to the addiction. .
OPIATES AND OPIOIDS
HISTORY OF OPIATES AND OPIOIDS:Opiate is a term used to designate drugs naturally derived from the narcotic makeup of the opium poppy plant; opioid is the term used today to describe both the natural and synthetic versions of opiates. Opiates include opium, morphine, codeine and heroin. Opioids include oxycodone, hydrocodone, fentanyl and carfentanyl.
HISTORY OF OPIATES AND OPIOIDS:The Sumerians first discovered the pain-relieving effects of the poppy as far back as 3400 BC, and opium was the go-to pain reliever for the next 5000 years. Doctors discovered morphine in 1806, codeine in 1832 and heroin in 1853, and the three became the standard-bearers for the next century.
HISTORY OF OPIATES AND OPIOIDS :Heroin was declared illegal in 1924, however, medications containing morphine, codeine and oxycodone (discovered in 1916) are still prescribed legally, albeit with heavy regulation.
HISTORY OF OPIATES AND OPIOIDS :Opiates and opioids are highly addictive because the release of endorphins and dopamine from these drugs creates a powerful rush that can’t be achieved naturally. The only way to repeat the experience is to use the drug again. Repeated use of opiates and opioids will cause the brain to slow or stop its production of natural endorphins and dopamine. This causes more and more cravings, first for the high, then in order to feel any pleasure at all.
SYMPTOMS OF HEROIN ADDICTION
- Visible elation or euphoria
- Mood swings
- Noticeable drowsiness, nodding off or losing consciousness
- Isolation or problems in relationships
- Getting multiple prescriptions from multiple doctors
- Sudden onset of financial problems
- Slowed breathing
- Pupil constriction